Sustainable Industrialisation

UN Sustainable Development Goal 9:Build resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization and foster innovation

How biogas contributes to the above goal:

  • Industrial effluents: Digestion of effluents from industrial processes like palm oil mill effluent, breweries, abattoirs etc, can reduce the environmental impacts of these processes and also generate energy for their operations, thus furthering their sustainability and self-reliance. Collaboration between commercial and agricultural enterprises: Fostering collaboration between complementary agriculture and industries where the former provides the feedstocks for digestion while the latter can use products of digestion, like heat, electricity, biogas or biomethane on-site, is environmentally and economically beneficial for both.
  • Collaboration between commercial and agricultural enterprises: Fostering collaboration between complementary agriculture and industries where the former provides the feedstocks for digestion while the latter can use products of digestion, like heat, electricity, biogas or biomethane on-site, is environmentally and economically beneficial for both.
  • Employment generation: As of 2015, it is estimated that 381,000people are directly and indirectly employed in the production of energy from biogas (IRENA, 2015). The employment is expected to increase with the growth in the sector.
  • Enterprise development: The availability of reliable electricity encourages the development of small rural enterprises like handicrafts, bakeries, agriculture related businesses, etc. Thus taking the benefits of industrialisation to all sections of the society.

Case Studies

Bronkhorstspruit Biogas Plant (Pty) Ltd, South Africa
  • Digests cattle manure, paper sludge, food and abattoir waste
  • Under a 10 year renewable energy partnership with BMW, the electricity produced is supplied via the power grid
  • First commercially viable biogas plant in South Africa
  • Strong partnerships between Beefcor, BMW, Bio2Watt, City of Tshwane and Eskom.
Biogas Plant, Skrzatusz, Poland
  • Digests distillery slop, potato pulp, corn silage and carrot pomace as the main feedstocks with additional possibility of treating offal and bad quality grain
  • The biogas produced powers a cogeneration unit backed up by a boiler, in the event of engine failure.
  • The heat produced is used to meet the needs of the digester and those of the distillery to produce ethanol
  • The electricity is exported to the grid and the digestate is applied as fertiliser in the local farms
  • Showcases the use of local, waste resources for renewable energy generation
  • Additional income stream: Anaerobic digestion can also be an opportunity for the household or the community to generate additional income by selling the excess biogas and digestate biofertiliser.
Community of Santa Rosillo in the Peruvian Amazonis, Peru
  • • Isolated community in Peru Amazon of 224 people with no access to the national electricity grid
  • • Digests cattle manure collected from the corral of an existing cattle herd
  • • Biogas based mini-electrical grid now provides electricity for domestic use, public lighting, institutional use (school, community hall, church) and other productive/business uses.
  • • Improved pastures and reduced pressure on surrounding forests have been observed
Social Education and Development Society Biogas CDM Project, Andhra Pradesh, India
  • 4,475 micro-digesters (size 2m3) commissioned and 569 under construction, as of 31st October 2015.
  • Digest cattle dung for the production of biogas for cooking and hot water heating.
  • Reduced burning of firewood collected from a meagre forest area in a drought- prone area for domestic use by diversion to biogas 17,485 tCO2 CDM verified emissions reduced in 2014/15.
  • Aimed at social benefits e.g. reduced drudgery for women from firewood collection, better health of women and children by reduced smoke in kitchen, improved education of children with women having more time to dedicate to them.